One of the most popular places among tourists is the Palatine Hill. groups of tourists always walk here, regardless of the weather and season. This is not surprising, because it was from this hill that the history of the great city began.
History of Palatine Hill Rome
Palatine hill is of great importance for the history of ancient Rome. According to legend, it was on a Palatine hill that a powerful empire arose. Nursed by a she-wolf, Romulus and Remus were looking for a place for the future colony of Alba Longa for a long time. Remus wanted to build a future city in the lowlands between the Palatine or Capitol Hill, while Romulus insisted that the city should be built on the Palatine Hill. Romulus killed Remus and founded the city where he wanted to. The city was named after its first king – Roma.
The appearance of the Palatine hill has undergone major changes under the emperor Octavian Augustus, who was born on this hill and chose it as his residence. All subsequent Roman emperors also began to live on the Palatine. Each of them built his own palace here: on the Palatine Hill, you can see the ruins of the palace of Tiberius Nero and apart, Flavius and Septimius Severius. Towards the end of the third imperial era, the Palatine hill was built up with a large single “Reggia” (royal palace), called Palatium – in honor of the hill. the name of the hill. Then therms were first built, turning it into a magnificent imperial palace.
In the 16th century, on the initiative of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, a large villa (Orti Farnesiani) was built on the site of Domus Tiberian. The villa was later almost completely destroyed.
Today, the Palatine is an accumulation of memorabilia of different styles and directions from antiquity to the present. This is a real find for historians and those interested in the history of the Eternal City.
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