The city, which was buried for many centuries under the ashes of Vesuvius volcano, exists after its death.
Pompeii is one word associated with one of the biggest tragedies of our planet. Everyone knows what happened to this great city in which life was in full swing. But in one day everything changed, once and for all…
History of Pompeii: Last day and darkness for several centuries
Seventy-ninth year AD was the last year of existence of Pompeii in consequence of the eruption of the volcano of Vesuvius. After the eruption, the Romans almost immediately made their first attempts to excavate the city. But no one began to do this, because each city keeps secrets that are better to remain buried under tons of ashes. So the city of Pompeii was found only in 1592 by chance, when canal to the river Sarno was made. The excavations themselves began only a century and a half later in 1748.
It is interesting to know, that on the eve of the eruption (August 23) the Vulkanaly holiday was celebrated, dedicated to God Vulcan. But apparently there were few prayers to stop the impending danger. Some believe that a similar fate befell this city for its sins, for the debauch and lust that reigned there. In general, the inhabitants of this city were considered to be the most dismissed in the Roman Empire. Someone, perhaps a Christian, even left an inscription on the wall in Latin “SODOMA GOMORA”. God’s punishment overtook Pompeii.
During the excavations a huge number of brothels were found, inside of which were erotic frescoes. For this reason, once found, they were hidden again, so that no one else saw them and they were kept in safety.
But the ashes were also able to preserve the remains of the temples of various gods – from Jupiter to Isis. There were many residential houses that had very self-explanatory names, for example, the Surgeon’s House where were found medical instruments, the House of the perfumer, the House of the tragic poet, etc. People’s bodies as well as those of animals, their last posture, in which they petrified forever.
The terrible event, which is still attracting attention and interest of people, gives the desire to remember the life that was before.
The historic complex of Pompeii is open to visitors every day from eight in the morning until half past seven in the evening. The cost of a ticket to the museum is 12 euros. You can get to the sights by bus or train from Naples (Ferrovia Circumve-suviana Neapel-Sorrent train station to Villa dei Misteri), which will be approximately 40 minutes, or 4 hours from Rome. At the museum, you there is a guide available, or you can use the audio guide service in English, Russian and other languages.
However, it should be noted that in summer the influx of tourists is higher, and it will take long to stay under the scorching sun, so it is better to come in the off season, but remember, that in winter, the complex closes two hours earlier. Meanwhile you can arrive early in the morning. In any case, it is worth taking with you plenty of water and some food, because long queues are not rare here.
A trip to Pompeii is like a little trip back in time. All that you can hear in this city is the silence … An ideal, eternal silence that even the roar of tourists is incapable to break. It is the silence of a dead city, above which Vesuvius is still standing, reminding us how fragile life is. If you have long wanted to see with your own eyes a typical Roman city, its cobbled streets, streets with gutters and frescoes depicting the life of Pompeians, you can buy tickets for excursions and tours of Pompeii at the following sites: www.maskontravel.com, www.tripadvisor.com.