The Great Pyramids of Giza is one of those things the existence of which is known in our world to more or less to all citizens older than three years.
The most important, oldest and largest of the pyramids in Giza is the pyramid of Cheops or Khufu. It was built, it is believed, in about 20 years, around 2540 BC.
It is not true that 46 centuries in a windy desert did not affect the Cheops pyramid in any way – in four and a half thousand years it has lost about 9 meters in height, and now it rises to 138 meters.
The pyramid consists of 2.5 million stone blocks all of them carefully adjusted to each other, and, like in other pyramids, glue or cement were not used here.
Once upon a time, the walls of the pyramid were lined with white limestone, and a gilded stone was installed on top. Where the stone disappeared, no one knows for sure, but the inhabitants of Cairo were pulled out of the lining for their own needs.
Honestly, there are not many things inside the pyramid that could be looked at – black archaeologists have literally cleared everything here over the centuries. But the feeling that you are inside such an ancient and significant building is still unforgettable.
However, climbing here is strongly discouraged for people with a sore back, elderly people and those who feel uncomfortable in a limited space.
Three small accompanying pyramids are located east of the Cheops pyramid. Apparently, they were intended for the wives and sisters of the pharaoh.
Who Owns the Giza Pyramid Complex? Not only the pharaohs, their wives and servants were buried here, but also their closest relatives, as well as the courtiers – in short, all who wanted to go after their master to another world in the hope that he would give them life after death.
According to finds made by archaeologist Sir Flinders Petri, pyramids were built in Egypt more than 5,000 years ago. Now, all are in under of the government protection.