The Vatican has its own constitution, flag, coat of arms, train station, own money, postal service, and radio. The population of the city is small and does not exceed 1000 people, in addition, several thousand more go to work every day. The right to citizenship of the Vatican is reserved only to church ministers.
So Who Rules Vatican City? The Vatican is a theocratic monarchy. At the head is the Pope.
The head of state is the pope, who has the following title: bishop of Rome, governor of Jesus Christ, successor to the apostle Peter, supreme pontiff of the ecumenical church, patriarch of the West, primacy of Italy, archbishop and metropolitan of the Roman province, monarch of the state-city of the Vatican, lat of God’s servants. The pope is elected for life by the college of cardinals (conclave) after the death of the previous pope, usually from among cardinals, by secret ballot, by a two-thirds majority plus one vote.
The chief executive is the Secretary of State. The Vatican is governed by an administrative body – the Papal Commission appointed by the Holy See, headed by the governor (the commission is appointed for a 5-year term). The main administrative body of the Holy See (Practical Guide to Religious, Political and Economic Activities) is the Roman Curia.
Other bodies of the Catholic Church and the Vatican: nine congregations, or dicasteries (ministries); 11 papal commissions; the Bureau; Apostolic library and other institutions. Legal Institutions – The Supreme Church Court, the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Court and the local tribunal. The order is maintained by the papal guard, consisting of Swiss guards.
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